Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, October 21, 1915: :A glorious sunny warm day. . .”

–from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees–

“21 October. A glorious sunny warm day with a considerable drop in temperature due to a southerly wind. We hope it may continue. There are however many pros and cons. With a low temperature we generally have brilliant dry weather, and unless there is a strong wind the cold is not very perceptible. As low temperature are usually the result of winds from the south, it follows conversely that we are more likely to drift north during cold weather, but on the other hand any open water that may be formed by ice movements soon freezes up if the temperature is anywhere near zero, and this again impedes the northerly drift of the ice. At present we are in a position affected by exactly these very circumstances.

“There is a great deal of ‘screwing’ going on all around, i.e the floes grinding against each other at the cracks as if trying to revolve in opposite directions. The noise is very loud, and as James very well describes, it sounds like the London traffic does when one is sitting quietly in one of the parks. The ship is being constantly shaken slightly but we are now more or less indifferent to anything but severe upheavals.”

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