Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, Elephant Island, July 28, 1916: “Smoking mixtures are the order of the day. . . .[Part II]”

“28 July. Ingenious Bakewell secured several old pipes, broke them up and boiled them in water, subsequently boiling some sennegrass in the weird infusion. This he carefully dried and chopped and now declares that he couldn’t distinguish the result from tobacco. The aroma was positively overpowering and can only be described as a combination of … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, Elephant Island, July 28, 1916: “Smoking mixtures are the order of the day. . . .[Part II]”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, Elephant Island, July 28, 1916: “Smoking mixtures are the order of the day. . . .”

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “28 July. Wild has fixed up a very ingenious little glass window into the canvas sheet beside his bunk so as to have more light to read by. It consists of the 6n square glass and mahogany frame of a chronometer box. It is cleverly sewn in. “Smoking … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, Elephant Island, July 28, 1916: “Smoking mixtures are the order of the day. . . .”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 26, 1916: “. . . always the line of ice blocked the way”

–from Shackleton’s account “South”— [On board the schooner Emma, off Elephant Island] “I took the schooner south at every chance, but always the line of ice blocked the way. The engineer, who happened to be an American, did things to the engines occasionally, but he could not keep them running, and the persistent south winds … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 26, 1916: “. . . always the line of ice blocked the way”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, Elephant Island, July, 1916: “July was a particularly obnoxious month.”

–from Frank Hurley’s account “Shackleton’s Argonauts”— “July was a particularly obnoxious month. The variable temperatures of early spring frayed our tempers and added to our discomforts. Warmer days were marked by increased humidity, in which we felt the cold more than the actual winter. We now experienced occasional rain, and the stronger rays of the … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, Elephant Island, July, 1916: “July was a particularly obnoxious month.”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 23, 1916: “That night we lay off the ice in a gale, hove to . . .”

–from Shackleton’s account “South”— “That night we lay off the ice in a gale, hove to [about 108 miles offshore from Elephant Island] , and morning found the schooner [Emma] iced up. The ropes, cased in frozen spray, were as thick as a man’s arm, and if the wind had increased much we would have … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 23, 1916: “That night we lay off the ice in a gale, hove to . . .”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 23, 1916: “. . . .unaware that you were standing on a foot-deep layer of penguin meat.”

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “22 July—The westerly blizzard shrieked all night but eased up at noon. East Bay is clear of ice and three penguins took advantage of it to come up. We took advantage of them to replenish our larder. If you stepped into our larder you would see nothing; you … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 23, 1916: “. . . .unaware that you were standing on a foot-deep layer of penguin meat.”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 20-21, 1916: “Except for the avoidable filth, any sty would compare favourably with our shanty. That’s the truth.”

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “20 July: . . . . there is not one of us who would not gladly exchange places with the average English pig for his food and his nice warm sty with fresh straw. Except for the avoidable filth, any sty would compare favourably with our shanty. That’s … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 20-21, 1916: “Except for the avoidable filth, any sty would compare favourably with our shanty. That’s the truth.”