Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 26, 1916: We have quite come to like, and look forward to, methylated spirts.” —from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees—

“26 July. Astounding temperature with a maximum of 36deg. We were so pleased with our capture [of a large, pregnant seal] yesterday that we celebrated it with a tot of methylated spirits [denatured alcohol] each for luncheon. We have quite come to like, and look forward to, methylated spirts. It cannot be good for one, … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 26, 1916: We have quite come to like, and look forward to, methylated spirts.” —from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees—

Shackleton’s Ross Sea Party, July, 1916: “. . . . a better pal amidst toil and trouble never existed.”

–from the diary of Ernest Joyce, published as “The South Polar Trail”— “All was going well until one day Richy [R. W. Richards] collapsed. He threw up his arms, gave a cry, and fell down in a faint. Cope was soon to his aid; the long journey had strained his heart. No words could express … More Shackleton’s Ross Sea Party, July, 1916: “. . . . a better pal amidst toil and trouble never existed.”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 21, 1916: “. . . we were within a hundred miles of the island, and we encountered the ice. . .”

–from Shackleton’s account “South”— “At dawn on Friday, July 21, we were within a hundred miles of the island, and we encountered the ice in the half-light. I waited for the full day and then tried to push through. The little craft [schooner Emma] was tossing in the heavy swell, and before she had been … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 21, 1916: “. . . we were within a hundred miles of the island, and we encountered the ice. . .”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 15, 1916: “Quite an alarming occurrence took place today.”

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “15 July. Quite an alarming occurrence took place today. An immense chunk, as big as a church, long pending from the glacier, fell off with a report like several bursts of thunder. It raised a mighty wave quite 40ft high, which made straight for our hut and would … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 15, 1916: “Quite an alarming occurrence took place today.”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 14, 1916: “Biscuit is so precious that one cannot afford to lose it. . . .”

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “14 July. The temperature dropped to 19deg during the night and it is about as nastily cold and damp as it can be, and as dull. But the cold has, by freezing, dried up the interior of the hut, for during the floor fairly ran with water amongst … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, July 14, 1916: “Biscuit is so precious that one cannot afford to lose it. . . .”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, June 28, 1916: “Really, we deserve to go without if we deliberately throw valuable food away lie this.”

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “28 June. The sea is quite calm, which is a bad omen, and what looks like a line of ice on the horizon is a worse one. A seal made quite a little pretence at trying to land. Had we a little more ammunition we should attempt to … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, June 28, 1916: “Really, we deserve to go without if we deliberately throw valuable food away lie this.”

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, June 23, 1916: The day after Midwinter’s Day at Cape Wild, Elephant Island

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “23 June. Midwinter’s Day is a thing of the past and once more we have been hungry again. What then do we have to look forward to now? Our rescue, whenever that may be; but almost as cheering, the certainty of the sun’s return, and therefore increasingly lengthening … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, June 23, 1916: The day after Midwinter’s Day at Cape Wild, Elephant Island

Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, June 22, 1916: Midwinter’s Day at Cape Wild, Elephant Island

—from the diary of Thomas Orde Lees— “22 June. The great day has at last arrived and who will blame us if we abandon ourselves to an orgy of gluttony? If we are ever to be rescued, we all heartily hope it won’t be this day, or at least not until after supper tonight. Breakfast … More Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ Expedition, June 22, 1916: Midwinter’s Day at Cape Wild, Elephant Island

Shackleton’s Ross Sea Party, June 21-28, 1916: “. . . we shall have to chop up part of the hut for fuel.”

–from Ernest Joyce’s account “The South Polar Trail”— “June 21st to 28th. It seems strange the continual wind will never cease. It keeps the seals down. We have not seen one since Con’s hunting episode. We have been without fuel for 2 days, impossible to go out, one cannot see 5 yards and the wind … More Shackleton’s Ross Sea Party, June 21-28, 1916: “. . . we shall have to chop up part of the hut for fuel.”