November 30, 1912: The Deutschland still imprisoned. . .

–from Wilhelm Filchner’s account To the Sixth Continent— “Ten days passed before the ice opened allowing us to make further progress through the leads.  Predominantly southerly winds, occasionally of impressive strength, were probably the reason that the ice floes lay close packed for so long. . . .Nonetheless, despite our immobility we made good progress northwards … More November 30, 1912: The Deutschland still imprisoned. . .

November 26, 1912: “. . .our ice drift had come to an end.”

–from Wilhelm Filchner’s account To the Sixth Continent— “From this date onwards [November 22] our drift was again in a south-southeasterly direction.  On the 23rd a crack appeared in the young ice in the channel we had blasted, running southwest.  The crack ran through the young ice of the lead east of the ship until … More November 26, 1912: “. . .our ice drift had come to an end.”

November 16, 1912: The Deutschland makes ready for the open sea

–from Wilhelm Filchner’s account To the Sixth Continent— [Filchner’s ship Deutschland had been beset in the Weddell Sea since March 6, 1912] “On 14 November Bjorvik drew my attention to the need to move the ship forcibly out of the floe an idea which I had been contemplating and discussing for some time. “15-26 November … More November 16, 1912: The Deutschland makes ready for the open sea

Late April 1912: Filchner’s observations on the Weddell Sea side of the continent

–from Wilhelm Filchner’s article “The German Antarctic Expedition” in the Bulletin of the American Geographical Society Vol 45, No. 6, 1913– “There was only meatre occurrence of aurorae australes.  We observed a few of them but they were weak, generaly a pale, flat arc over the southern horizon from which the rays shot out.  Only … More Late April 1912: Filchner’s observations on the Weddell Sea side of the continent

April 17, 1912: Filchner’s expedition settles in for the winter

–from Wilhelm Filchner’s article “The German Antarctic Expedition” in the Bulletin of the American Geographical Society Vol 45, No. 6, 1913– “By April 17 we were held fast in the midst of old floes in 72.24 S. and 40.12 W.  We had resigned ourselves to drifting, a condition we had tried to avoid, and we … More April 17, 1912: Filchner’s expedition settles in for the winter

Late March 1912: Trouble in Filchner’s icebound Deutschland in the Weddell Sea

–from “German Exploration in the Polar World” by David Thomas Murphy– “On March 15, after battling increasingly dense fields of ice, the ship [Deutschland] was frozen in and would remain so until the end of November.  An effort was now made to use the Deutschland as a floating base, much as had been done with … More Late March 1912: Trouble in Filchner’s icebound Deutschland in the Weddell Sea

March 2-7, 1912: Filchner driven away from land, away from Vahsel Bay

–from an abbreviated report by Wilhelm Filchner, on the results of his Antarctic expedition– “By March 2, however, Captain Vahsel considered the position of the ship dangerous and he favored taking her as soon as possible to the open sea.  Director Filchner finally decided to return north to winter in South Georgia and attempt another … More March 2-7, 1912: Filchner driven away from land, away from Vahsel Bay

February 18, 1912: Filchner’s landing place drifts out to sea

[The landing on the flat surface of an apparently stable iceberg had begun on February 8.] –from an abbreviated report by Wilhelm Filchner, on the results of his Antarctic expedition– “The work was delayed, however, by repeated storms; and on Feb. 18 the iceberg broke loose and began to drift.  The task of saving the … More February 18, 1912: Filchner’s landing place drifts out to sea

February 5-13, 1912: Filchner’s landing at Vahsel Bay

–from an abbreviated report by Wilhelm Filchner, on the results of his Antarctic expedition– “On Feb. 5, the ship [Deutschland] again arrived at Vahsel Bay.  The erection of the winter station at once demanded all our attention.  It was decided to place the camp on the flat surface of an iceberg attached to the ice … More February 5-13, 1912: Filchner’s landing at Vahsel Bay

January 31, 1912: Filchner’s Farthest South at Vahsel Bay

[Vahsel Bay is at the Southern extremity of the Weddell Sea, on the opposite side of the Antarctic continent from the Ross Sea and Cape Evans] –from an abbreviated report by Wilhelm Filchner, on the results of his Antarctic expedition– “Landing on the ice wall, which was twenty to thirty meters high, seemed difficult if … More January 31, 1912: Filchner’s Farthest South at Vahsel Bay